The Basics Of Trading Forex Market Flagstaff AZ
The Basics Of Trading Forex Market
Before you begin trying to trade the Forex, you should be familiar with the main terminology and ideas used in this market.
Pip stands for percentage in point . This is the basic unit of price in the Forex market. This is similar to stocks, for example, which use dollars and cents to as the base numbers. Pips can refer to the number of ticks or units a currency pair has moved. For example, assume you are trading the EUR/USD (the Euro Dollar and US Dollar) pairing. If the price has moved up from 1.5480 to 1.5485, that is a 5 pip movement.
A pip is also a unit of money you are trading. A standard lot is based on a 100,000 units and each pip is valued at approximately $10.00. Typically, to trade a standard lot, you will need approximately $1,000 per lot (or unit).
Using the same example, that 5 pip move up would have been equal to a $50 move. There are also mini accounts that allow you to trade with much less capital, while also reducing the pip value. Typically, most brokers with mini accounts will base their mini lots on 10,000 units per lot, with a pip value of approximately $1.00 per pip. With mini accounts, you will need approximately $100 per lot/unit you want to trade.
Leverage trading, or trading on margin, means you do not have to put up the full value of the position. As mentioned above, a standard lot is worth approximately $100,000. If there were no leverage involved (or a leverage of 1:1), you would need to deposit the full amount to trade one lot. However, all brokers will offer you leverage of 50:1 to 400:1.
While more leverage makes it much easier to trade more lots, there is a danger with it as well. Think of leverage as a double edged sword. Yes, it can help you control more money, but if you have a loss, you can also lose more of your own money.
Here is an example: assume you have $5000 in your account. Your broker offers you 100:1 leverage. This means that you can trade up to 5 lots and control $500,000 worth of currency. This also means that for every 1 pip in price movement, you will gain or lose $50. Remember, typically for every $1000 in available margin at 100:1 leverage will control $100,000 in currency and that every pip (i.e. price movement) will be worth $10.
Using the same information: if a broker were to offer you 400:1 leverage, then your $5000 would be able to control $2,000,000 in currency. This gives you the ability to trade 20 lots at a time, which means each pip movement would be approximately $200 so that 5 pip movement from above would equal to a gain or loss of $1000!
So, you can see that while a higher leverage can help you control more currency and give you the ability to make more money, if you are wrong, you will lose more. Take the use of leverage seriously and with respect and you are already ahead of the game.
You never want to get one of these. Basically, you will be contacted if your account falls below a certain level (you will know that level that is when you open your account with your broker.) Here is a simple example: You open an account with $2000. You open a position with one lot. You have now have only $1000 in usable margin to either open another lot or to buffer any losses you had on your first open lot. Let s say that you use that remaining $1000 to open another lot. You now have $2000 of USED margin, with ZERO remaining usable margin. Your trade goes against you by 10 pips (which with 2 lots is $200). Depending on your broker, they will either automatically close the trade and you will have nothing left in your account or you will be contacted via phone or other means saying you must deposit additional capital to cover the deficit. Fortunately with most Forex brokers, your risk is limited to the funds you had on deposit.
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